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DAYS OF ACTION - DAY 1
Mandag 08 November 2021, 08:30 - 19:00

The pandemic of disinformation and what to do about it – “infodemics”

Global Focus is happy to be part of the new global initiative Tech for Democracy, spearheaded by the Danish government. Tech for Democracy brings together civil society, governments, and the tech industry to work in global action to find concrete solutions to ensure that technology and digitalization work for – and not against - democracy and human rights. Global Focus is determined to ensure that global civil society and citizens’ voices are at the forefront of Tech for Democracy.

 

Global Focus invites you to be part of Tech for Democracy's Days of Action - five days of multistakeholder dialogue on how technology can support democracy and human rights. Each Day of Action is dedicated to an overarching theme and will include a myriad of sessions hosted by actors from around the globe and across all time zones. All sessions are virtual on an encrypted platform and free of charge.

 

If you need Closed Captions for accessibility, then it is available in the meeting settings on the BlueJeans app. Otherwise we recommend using the browser to access the sessions on BlueJeans.

 

PROGRAMME:

 

THEMES:

Deep fake/shallow fake, disinformation, content moderation, SoMe regulations, political polarisation, algorithms and the right to non-discrimination, freedom of expression etc.

 

 

{slider title="SESSION 1 - How Kloop Media has been combating trolls, disinformation and corruption with AI and other tools in Kyrgyzstan " class="icon"}

08:30-10:00 UTC+1

 

Kloop, a Kyrgyz media NGO, has with its dedicated team of programmers and skilled investigative journalists created unique software, which is being used for journalistic work and to create free access to public information. Kloop has created artificial intelligence software, which they have used to identify politicians in video clips, and which has been used to even verify what type of Rolex watches corrupt officials could wear.

They have developed software, which has mobilised hundreds of journalist volunteers to identify issues with public procurement (the Kyrgyz public sector is notoriously corrupt) and also created software, which helped identify procurement scams by officials, which have even resulted in the firing of corrupt officials and changing the state tendering practices.

 

In this session, Kloop's chief programmers and media pioneers will speak about what they did and how it is helping to reform Kyrgyzstan.

 

ORGANIZERS

Kloop Media

 

SPEAKERS

Rinat Tuhvatshin, Kloop Media, Kyrgyzstan

Aizirek Almazbekova, Kloop Media, Kyrgyzstan

  

{slider title="SESSION 2 - “A journalist's guide to debunking in practice”" class="icon"}

10:00-11:30 UTC+1

 

In this session, our panel of experienced journalists working in the field of fact-checking, debunking and analysing disinformation will take us into the machine room and show us how they work in practice. The panel will engage with questions from the audience, and discuss what steps journalists and other media institutions need to take, in order to ensure best practice when factchecking and debunking stories.

 

ORGANIZERS

Danish Institute for Parties and Democracy

 

SPEAKERS

Annique Mossou, Bellingcat:
Annique Mossou is a trainer and researcher focusing on mis- and disinformation at open sourcem investigative media, Bellingcat. Prior to joining Bellingcat, she worked for several open source teams at the Dutch National police and specialized on online jihadi propaganda.

 

Silas Jonathan, DUBAWA Nigeria:
Silas Jonathan is a Fact-checker/researcher with DUBAWA Nigeria. A graduate of Mass Communication from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, he is an expert with the use of fact-checking tools for verification. Silas has worked on several consequential fact-checks that have earned him a nomination at the 2021 AfricaCheck fact-check awards. As a member of WHO’S ViralFact alliance and a researcher/fact-checker with DUBAWA, Silas has debunked several COVID-19 related claims and has actively taken part in election monitoring as a fact-checker, debunking several electoral related claims. Aside from working on explainers and media literacy articles, Silas continues to identify, verify, and write about claims that may be of detriment to the public.

 

Jency Jacobs, Boom India:
Jency Jacob is the Managing Editor of BOOM and has worked with some of the top television and print networks in the country over the last 2 decades. Jency manages a newsroom of enterprising fact checkers across India, Myanmar and Bangladesh, who are striving to keep our social media and public space clear of misinformation and communally sensitive disinformation that can result in real-life implications. Jency is also a regular speaker at various national and international conferences, speaking about the importance of debunking misinformation and the media's role in countering them with credible and factual news stories.

BOOM was one of the first International Fact Checking Network (IFCN) certified fact checker from India and also the first partner to work with Facebook on its global third party fact checking programme.

 

Moderator:

Maia Kahlke Lorentzen is a writer, tech-activist and public speaker working with the Copenhagen-based cooperative, Cybernauterne. She works with countering online harassment, researching online hategroups and extremist subcultures, and advices on internetculture, cybersecurity and digital self-defence. She co-authored the book "Can trolls be tamed" about online trolls and debate on social media, and is a TedX fellow with the talk "Don't feed the trolls fight them".

 

{slider title="SESSION 3 - Opening of Days of Action" class="icon"}

12:00-13:00 UTC+1

 

Opening of Days of Action with an introduction to Tech for Democracy and several speakers from civil society and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark.

 

ORGANIZERS

Global Focus

 

SPEAKERS

Josephine Miliza, Africa Regional Coordinator- Association of Progressive Communications - LOCNET project

Rasmus Stuhr Jakobsen, President Globalt Focus & Executive Director CARE.

Mette Thygesen, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

Brian Malika, from the Kenyan grassroots based organisation ‘’One More Percent’

Ananda Kumar Biswas, fakenewschecker.online

 

Moderator: Sara Brandt, Global Focus

 

 

{slider title="SESSION 4 - Assessing the human rights impacts of emerging infrastructure for media authenticity and provenances

" class="icon"}

13:30-15:00 UTC+1

Emerging Authenticity Infrastructure against Mis/Disinformation: The Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA) is made up of more than 20 companies and organizations. The steering committee includes Microsoft, Twitter, Adobe, Truepic, ARM, Intel, and the BBC. WITNESS is a member.

 

This coalition of companies and organizations aims to create an open standard that can be globally adopted in order to establish the provenance of digital assets. By "provenance" C2PA means the history of an asset (e.g. an image), including – though not necessarily – all the alterations or manipulations that it may have undergone from the point of its creation to the moment it is consumed. We hope that this tool will serve to combat misleading information that prevails in the digital world.

 

Version 0.7 of the standard is publicly available. WITNESS has prepared a presentation that summarizes some of the essential elements of the tool.

 

WITNESS’s work: WITNESS has been a central player in setting new standards for tracking edited and manipulated images and videos. Over the past year and a half, we have shaped emerging conversations about authenticity infrastructure and its potential impacts on vulnerable communities.

 

Our Ticks or It Didn't Happen-report examined the pros and cons of tracking the authenticity, integrity, provenance and digital editions of content, emphasizing its relationship to privacy, revocability, the "ratchet effect" and its impact on vulnerable communities. Last year we co-authored a whitepaper presented by the Content Authenticity Initiative that addresses the growing challenges from manipulated media. Our main interest has been to foster these discussions within a human rights framework.

 

Faced with a critical window of opportunity, we seek to ensure that human rights and global issues are reflected in key standards of authenticity and provenance, such as the C2PA, which will guide the development and evolution of technologies that demonstrate how videos or other digital assets are created and manipulated.

 

ORGANIZERS

WITNESS

 

WORKSHOP FACILITATOR

Jacobo Castellanos, Technology Threats and Opportunities Team, WITNESS

 

{slider title="SESSION 5 - Privacy and Digital Identity in automated elections" class="icon"}

14:00-15:30 UTC+1

 

In the wake of Covid-19, we have seen a vibrant move towards digitisation in Africa, thereby increasing the use of digital payments and e-services in both the private or public sector. This has further promoted the place and use of Digital ID, the unique identification of individuals through a digital channel. It is considered as offering more reliable authentication and enabling delivery of a range of services via web or mobile applications that require proof of identity, with the potential to generate benefits such as lower costs and increased financial, social, and political inclusion.

 

In that regard, Digital ID is set to not only shift the way public services such as those related to healthcare, welfare payments, certifications, and licenses are run but also shift the way we think about elections and what voting might look like in upcoming races.

 

In many African countries, the more general use of biometrics in elections is on the rise. No fewer than 25 sub-Saharan African countries have already held elections employing a biometric voter register and more countries are planning to do so. In Nigeria, for example, the president recently instructed all federal agencies collecting personal and biometric data for different purposes to harmonize their action and put in place a unified database before general elections in 2023 while 2012 saw Ghana implementing a system where polling stations were equipped with fingerprint scanners. The use of biometric technologies has been viewed as capable of providing the required solutions especially as regards voter registration processes, minimising avenues for manipulation, establishing more reliable registration systems, reducing fraud, making elections ‘cleaner,’ and making contested election results and electoral violence less likely.

 

However, a key concern is the issue of privacy. At the center of efforts to combat electoral manipulation and propaganda stands the question of how personal data on individual voters is being processed, and whether or not it is done so legally and ethically. The global controversy surrounding the activities of Cambridge Analytica and Facebook has elevated questions about the use of personal data in contemporary elections to new levels.

 

Kenya's elections, for instance, usually feature significant targeted political messaging during the campaign periods using an opt-out as opposed to an opt-in mechanism. Although the political messaging guidelines prohibit the unauthorised use, sale, of existing customer databases for purposes of sending out political messages, poll tracking and lobby activities, their enforcement was geared more towards preventing hate speech than protecting Kenyans biometric and voter data. Further, in 2019 President Kenyatta signed into law a new digital identification system, the National Integrated Identification Management Systems (NIIMS) which has been the cause for continued litigation for the past 2 years, raising pertinent issues of data privacy and discrimination.

 

Individual states ought to have a national framework that provides for transparency, portability, user rights and security. Furthermore, the cyber security capacity of individual states must be a paramount consideration.

 

It is for these reasons that this session on privacy and Digital IDs in automated elections was curated.

 

ORGANIZERS

Lawyers Hub

 

SPEAKERS

Ms. Linda Bonyo & Risper Onyango, Lawyers Hub

Felix Atandi, Cyber Tembo

Ms. Grace Mutung’u, Independent researcher

 

Moderator: Lawyers Hub

 

 

{slider title="SESSION 6 - “Hacking the disinformation cycle”" class="icon"}

15:00-16:30 UTC+1

In this session our panel will showcase cutting edge technical tools and programmes that help decipher and combat mis- and disinformation, and we will have a conversation of the posibillities and limitations of software, AI and technical tools to solve our information crisis. 

 

ORGANIZERS

Danish Institute for Parties and Democracy

 

SPEAKERS

Ed Bice, CEO of Meedan:

Ed Bice is the founding CEO of Meedan and in this capacity has since 2005 devoted his professional energies to creating digital tools and programs that promote collaborative verification, annotation, and translation. In this role he has led strategy and project definition for several software development efforts in social linguistic computing, cross-cultural education, and social media journalism. This work has been honored with multiple international journalism awards including three Online Journalism Awards (OJA), two WAN-IFRA (World Assosiation of News Publishers) awards, two Knight News Challenges, among others. Ed holds US Patent on Human+Machine approach to Natural Language Translation.

 

Christopher Bouzy, Founder of Bot Sentinel:

Christopher Bouzy is a software engineer and serial entrepreneur, who has launched several startups, and coded dozens of desktop and mobile apps. In 2018, he launched Bot Sentinel, a programme that is able to rate twitter accounts engaging in harassment, trolling and disinformation campaigns. His goal is to help fight disinformation and targeted harassment.

 

Min Hsuan Wu aka T’cat, CEO of DoubleThink Lab Taiwan:

Min Hsuan Wu, also known as “Ttcat,” is the co-founder and CEO of Doublethink Lab, a Taiwan based organization that operates at the intersection of the Internet, public discourse, civil society, and democratic governance. Doublethink Lab is researching modern threats to democracy and devising strategies to counter them. He is focused on mapping China’s online information operation mechanisms and facilitating the global civil society organisation-network to combat digital authoritarianism. Over a decade and a half, he has committed to LGBT+, environmental, open government, civic tech, and the digital rights movement as an activist and campaigner. 

 

Moderator: Maia Kahlke Lorentzen is a writer, tech-activist and public speaker working with the Copenhagen-based cooperative Cybernauterne. She works with countering online harassment, researching online hategroups and extremist subcultures, and advices on internetculture, cybersecurity and digital self-defence. She co-authored the book "Can trolls be tamed" about online trolls and debate on social media, and is a TedX fellow with the talk "Don't feed the trolls fight them".

 

{slider title="SESSION 7 - Let’s Talk Digital: No civic space without digital space!" class="icon"}

15:00-17:00 UTC+1

 

How is digitalisation affecting the future of protest, mobilisation and civil society actions around the globe?

In this interactive session, we look at ways of creating a digital enabling environment to strengthen the voice of an active, positive and solutions-oriented civil society. From online learning for indigenous youth in Guatemala, to progressive digital policies in Korea or safe spaces for online activism in Nepal, we will hear directly from activists and civil society organisations who are redefining the way we approach digitalisation.

Together with participants, we will collect stories and experiences as part of the #Let’s Talk Digital campaign. The campaign is based on the findings of the “Towards an enabling digital environment for civil society” by Forus and TechSoup, which advocates for an inclusive, human-rights-based and democratic form of digitalisation that will empower and enable rather than restrict and repress.

 

ORGANIZERS

FORUS

 

SPEAKERS

Forus

CONGCOOP (Coordinación de ONG y Cooperativas), Guatemala

KCOC, Korea

TaiwanAID

NNNGO (Nigerian Network of NGOs), Nigeria

Tanya Lallmon

European Youth Forum

Body and Data, Nepal

Acter, Denmark

Digital Grassroots

 

{slider title="SESSION 8 - Deepfakes: Assessing threats, prioritizing solutions, acting on solutions from a global, human rights Perspective" class="icon"}

17:30-19:00 UTC+1

Deepfakes and synthetic media are AI-enhanced technologies that make it easier to manipulate or fake real peoples' voices, faces and actions as well as dismiss any real video or audio as fake. They have become a critical concern for celebrities, and for many ordinary women worldwide, are used widely for satire and raise mis/disinformation threats as they become easier to deploy.

 

They have also been an example of pre-emptive and often misdirected technology hype - focusing on hypothetical political scenarios, rather than real use cases against women and uses in satire and malicious content gaslighting as satire.

 

This session will explore the technologies, threats and proposed solutions to deepfakes. Building on WITNESS’s global convening work around preparedness for new forms of media manipulations, including work in Brazil, Sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia, the US and Europe, the workshop will provide an opportunity for participants to asses and the pros and cons of approaches to mitigating malicious usages from a global, human rights and journalistic perspective.

 

As part of the action orientation, participants will discuss practical questions about how access to deepfake detection is available globally, advocacy options for platform policies, as well as approaches the ensuring that 'authenticity infrastructure' to better track and understand the 'shallowfaked' images, audio and videos with false captions, context or simple edits works globally and does not create new harms.

 

ORGANIZERS

WITNESS

 

WORKSHOP FACILITATOR

Sam Gregory, Program Director, WITNESS

 

{/sliders}

 

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